The use of Biometric Identification Systems (BISs) and the Artificial Intelligence (AI)

from autobiographic biometry to biometric biographies


  • Pablo Gobira
  • Emanuelle Silva



Biometric Identification Systems, Artificial Intelligence, Autobiography, Biography


The paper presented here comes from the research developed in Laboratório de Poéticas Fronteiriças ( - CNPq/UEMG), a research, development and innovation group that proposes to think the barriers of the relationship between art, science and technology. Therefore, this paper aims to introduce an analysis of the applications, influences and possible results of the indiscriminate use of Biometric Identification Systems (BISs). We want to debate how all of the specific requirements and applications, needed in order to make biometric identifications possible, end up creating a social problem (in the biographic field) that goes beyond the matter of data privacy from its users, specially when they are applied with Artificial Intelligences (AIs).


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Pablo Gobira

Professor doutor da Escola Guignard (UEMG), do PPGArtes (UEMG) e do PPGGOC (UFMG). Pesquisador Produtividade (CNPq). Membro pesquisador e gestor de serviços da Rede Brasileira de Serviços de Preservação Digital (IBICT/MCTIC). Coordenador do grupo de pesquisa (CNPq) Laboratório de Poéticas Fronteiriças [http://labfront. tk]. Escritor e editor de diversos livros e artigos das áreas de curadoria, criação e produção das artes digitais e relações entre arte, ciência e tecnologia.

Emanuelle Silva

Mestranda em artes do PPGArtes (UEMG), membro do grupo de pesquisa (CNPq) Laboratório de Poéticas Fronteiriças [http://].


ALTERMAN, Anton. “‘A piece of yourself’: Ethical issues in biometric identification”, in: Ethics and Information Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers: Netherlands, v.5, no.3, 2003, p.139–150.

BBC. “IBM abandons ‘biased’ facial recognition tech.” Disponível em: <> Acesso em: <24/01/2021>.

CHEN, Jiachen; JENKINS, Kenneth. “Facial recognition with PCA and machine learning methods”, In: Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE 60th International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS), 2017, p.973-976.

CONGER, Kate; FAUSSET, Richard; KOVALESKI, Serge F. “San Francisco Bans Facial Recognition Technology” in: The New York Times, 14 de Maio/2019. Disponível em:<>. Acesso em: <04/02/2021>.

DUNSTONE, Ted; YAGER, Neil. “Biometric System and Data Analysis: Design, Evaluation, and Data Mining”. Springer: Eveleigh, Australia, 2009, 266pp.

GATES, Kelly A. “Our Biometric Future: Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance”. NEW YORK UNIVERSITY PRESS: New York and London, 2011, 276pp.

GAO, Yansong; BAO, GiaDoan; ZHANG, Zhi; MA, Siqi; ZHANG, Jiliang, FU, Anmin; NEPAL, Surya; KIM, Hyoungshick. “Backdoor Attacks and Countermeasures on Deep Learning: A Comprehensive Review”. ArXiv e-prints, 2020.

GOBIRA, Pablo. Arte, corpo e máquina: jogos digitais, sociedade do espetáculo e sex appeal do inorgânico. In: SILVA, Rogério B.; GOBIRA, Pablo; MARINHO, Francisco. (Org.). Múltiplas interfaces: livros digitais, criação artística e reflexões contemporâneas. 1ed.Belo Horizonte: Scriptum, 2018b, v. 1, p. 133-144.

GOBIRA, Pablo. Museus e paisagens culturais pós-digitais. In: GOBIRA, Pablo. (Org.). Percursos contemporâneos: realidades da arte, ciência e tecnologia. 1ed.Belo Horizonte: EdUEMG, 2018a, v. 1, p. 83-98.

GOBIRA, Pablo. Os desafios da crítica biográfica na sociedade espetacular: a tecnologia digital, a biografia perpétua e o controle da memória. In: AGUIAR, Ana Lígia Leite; SERAFIM, José Francisco; LIMA, Rachel Esteves; COELHO, Sandra Straccialano. (Orgs.) O espaço biográfico: perspectivas interdisciplinares.1 ed. Salvador: EdUFBA, 2016, v.1, p. 8-16.

KAIRINOS, Nikolas. “The integration of biometrics and AI”, in: Biometric Technology Today, vol.5, maio de 2019, p.8–10. doi:10.1016/s0969-4765(19)30069-4.

KITCHIN, Rob. “The ethics of smart cities and urban science”, in: Philosophical Transactions A: The Royal Society Publishing, A 374, 15 de janeiro 2016, p.1-15.

KOBIE, Nicole. “The Complicated Truth about China’s social credit system”, in: WIRED, Junho 7/2019. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: <22/01/2021>.

LISETTI, Christine L.; SCHIANO, Diane J. “Automatic Facial Expression Interpretation: Where Human-Computer Interaction, Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science Intersect”, In: Pragmatics and Cognition (Special Issue on Facial Information Processing: A Multidisciplinary Perspective), vol.8, ed.1, 2000, p.185-235.

LOHR, Steve. “ Facial Recognition Is Accurate, if You’re a White Guy”, in: The New York Times, Fev. 9, 2018. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: <27/01/2021>.

LUIS-GARCÍA, Rodrigo; ALBEROLA-LÓPEZ, Carlos; AGHZOUT, Otman; RUIZ-ALZOLA, Juan. “Biometric identification systems”, in: Signal Processing, vol.83, no.12, 2003, p.2539-2557. 10.1016/j.sigpro.2003.08.001.

O’CONNOR, Brian; ROY, Kaushik. “Facial Recognition using Modified Local Binary Pattern and Random Forest”, in: International Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Applications (IJAIA), vol. 4, n. 6, novembro de 2013, p.25-33.

PASCU, Luana. “Researchers use Instagram mask selfies to improve biometric facial recognition algorithms”. in: BIOMETRIC, Maio 20/2020. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: <23/01/2021>.

POOLE, David; MACKWORTH, Alan; GOEBEL, Randy. Randy. “Computational Intelligence: A Logical Approach”. Oxford University Press: Londres, 1998.

PRAKASH, Annamalai; KRISHNAVENI, Raju; DHANALAKSHMI, Ranganayakulu. “Soft Biometrics Traits for Continuous Authentication in Online Exam Using ICA Based Facial Recognition”, in: International Journal of Network Security, vol.20, n.3, maio de 2018, p.423-432.

RASHID, Rozeha A.; MAHALIN, Nur H.; SARIJARI, Mohd A.; AZIZ, Ahmad A. A. “Security System Using Biometric Technology: Design and Implementation of Voice Recognition System (VRS)”, in: Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering 2008: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13-15 de maio, 2008, p.898-902.

REID, Alana. “Are filters on social media being used to collect your identity?”, in: 8MS, Abril 6/2020. Disponível em: <> Acesso em: <23/01/2021>.

SADOWSKI, Jathan; PASQUALE, Frank. “The Spectrum of Control: a social theory of the smart city”, in: First Monday, vol. 20, n. 7, 6 de julho de 2015, p.1-22.

SARKAR, Esha; BENKRAOUDA, Hadjer; MANIATAKOS, Michail. “FaceHack: Triggering backdoored facial recognition systems using facial characteristics”, arXiv preprint, ar- Xiv:2006.11623, 2020.

SOLTAR, Colin. “Biometric System Security”. Disponível em: <;jsessionid=B013D67DACE34C0A365D77E3CD63CE80?doi=>. Acesso em: <10/10/2021>.

SOUTAR, Colin. “Security Considerations for the Implementation of Biometric Systems”. In: RATHA, Nalini; BOLLE, Ruud. (Eds.) Automatic Fingerprint Recognition Systems, Springer: Heidelberg, 2004, p.415–431.

VAN DER PLOEG, Irma. “The illegal body: ‘Eurodac’ and the politics of biometric identification”. in: Ethics and Information Technology, Kluwer Academic Publishers: Netherlands, v.1, 2000, p.295–302.

VAN ZOONEN, Liesbet. “Privacy concerns in smart cities”, in: Government Information Quarterly, vol. 33, ed. 3, 2016, p.472-480.

WRIGHT, Elias. “The Future of Facial Recognition Is Not Fully Known: developing privacy and security regulatory mechanisms for facial recognition in the retail sector”, The Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol.29, n.6, 2019, p.611-685.

WU, Xindong; ZHU, Xingquan; WU, Gong-Qing, DING, Wei. “Data Mining with Big Data”, in: IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 26, p.97–107.

ZUBOFF, Shoshana. The Age of Surveillance Capitalism: The Fight for a Human Future at the New Frontier of Power. New York: PublicAffairs, 2019. 691p.



How to Cite

Gobira, P., & Silva, E. (2022). The use of Biometric Identification Systems (BISs) and the Artificial Intelligence (AI): from autobiographic biometry to biometric biographies. DAT Journal, 7(2), 147–162.